Publications by Year: 2021

2021
Salil Vadhan and Tianhao Wang. 5/2021. “Concurrent Composition of Differential Privacy”. Publisher's VersionAbstract

We initiate a study of the composition properties of interactive dierentially private mechanisms. An interactive dierentially private mechanism is an algorithm that allows an analyst to adaptively ask queries about a sensitive dataset, with the property that an adversarial

analyst's view of the interaction is approximately the same regardless of whether or not any individual's data is in the dataset. Previous studies of composition of dierential privacy have focused on non-interactive algorithms, but interactive mechanisms are needed to capture many of the intended applications of dierential privacy and a number of the important dierentially private primitives.

 

We focus on concurrent composition, where an adversary can arbitrarily interleave its queries to several dierentially private mechanisms, which may be feasible when dierentially private query systems are deployed in practice. We prove that when the interactive mechanisms being composed are pure dierentially private, their concurrent composition achieves privacy parameters (with respect to pure or approximate dierential privacy) that match the (optimal) composition theorem for noninteractive dierential privacy. We also prove a composition theorem for interactive mechanisms that satisfy approximate dierential privacy. That bound is weaker than even the basic (suboptimal) composition theorem for noninteractive dierential privacy, and we leave closing the gap as a direction for future research, along with understanding concurrent composition for other variants of dierential privacy.

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Tyler Piazza. 3/2021. “Differentially Private Ridge Regression”.Abstract

Studying problems of interest, like finding trends in medical data, can require analyzing data which contains sensitive and personally identifying information. As a result, it is often infeasible to release these datasets to researchers or to the general public. In this paper, we study algorithms that are differentially private, where there are theoretical guarantees that the mechanisms studied will reveal only limited amounts of information about individual people while still providing insights about large groups. This thesis discusses various forms of linear and ridge regression in this differentially private setting, with the goal of studying sensitive data to make predictions about future sensitive data. In particular, we will discuss the internal privacy-loss budgeting of the differentially private ridge regression technique adaSSP. This thesis provides 3 contributions. First, we discuss the existing SSP and adaSSP algorithms, and provide detailed proofs that they are each differentially private. Second, we introduce the two new algorithms adaSSPbudget and constSSPfull and prove that these are each differentially private. Third, we conduct experiments using synthetic and real world data to explore whether the precise privacy-loss budgeting used within these algorithms could improve their performance.

These experiments will explore the tradeoff between the accuracy of a hyperparameter and the accuracy of the other releases. Through the experimental results, we find that the performance is often insensitive to the particular privacy-loss budgeting and that for certain datasets, no choice of privacy-loss budget allows for the adaptive adaSSPbudget to outperform the standard SSP algorithm.

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Marco Gaboardi, Michael Hay, and Salil Vadhan. 2021. “A Programming Framework for OpenDP (extended abstract).” In 6th Workshop on the Theory and Practice of Differential Privacy (TPDP 2020).Abstract

In this paper, we propose a programming framework for the library of dierentially private algorithms that will be at the core of the new OpenDP open-source software project (http://opendp.io/).

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